Author: Tugce Cambel

The Effects of Steel Imports in the U.S.

The United States is the world’s largest steel importer. In the first ten months of 2017, steel imports have increased at a double-digit rate over 2016, accounting for more than 30% of U.S. consumption. Imports of most types of steel continue to increase. Import penetration levels for flat, semi-finished, stainless, long, and pipe and tube products continue on an upward trend above 30% of domestic consumption. Imports are nearly four times U.S. exports and are priced substantially lower than U.S.-produced steel. As steel imports have increased, U.S. steel production capacity has been stagnant, while production has decreased. Since 2000,...

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Steel Cargo Damage

When carrying steel products by sea, it is essential to ensure that neither the steel, nor the ship, suffers damage, that the ship is fit to receive cargo, and that the cargo is safely stowed and secured. Steel is a high-value cargo – a cargo easily damaged by rough handling, water, and moisture. Its weight presents substantial challenges with stowage and securing. Incorrect stowage can lead to hull and cargo damage. Damage can occur during bad weather, when hatch covers leak, when cargo moves, or when incorrect ventilation procedures are followed. Damage can also occur before loading, while the...

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Shipping Coffee in Bulk

Coffee is an important commodity in the world economy. Recent years have seen a substantial increase in the movement of coffee in bulk, using normal dry containers fitted with a liner. Shippers save on the cost of bags, minus the cost of the liner. Also, a container can hold about 21 tons of coffee in bulk, compared to only about 18 tons in bags. This payload increase of almost 17% represents a freight saving of about 15% per container (based on $1,000 per container.) For example, at the receiving end, the inland transport of 50,000 tons of green coffee...

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Sea Blindness

If you ask the general public what they know about shipping, and how much trade is carried by sea, you will probably get a blank face. Perhaps they think of shipping as an old-fashioned industry, however, fundamentally we still depend on shipping. Take a look around you. Every single object was most likely shipped. Shipping brings us 90 percent of world trade. For such an enormous industry – there are 100,000 working vessels on the sea – it’s become pretty much invisible. As such, we do not really know much about goes on underneath the water. In September 2002,...

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